John Craig - Elements of Political Science Volume 1. PDF

PDF This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1814 edition. Excerpt: ... Elements of political science John Craig INTRODUCTION. In examining the political institutions of society, the first circumstance that claims our attention is the authority which we see exercised by a few of the citizens over the rest of the community. To ascertain the nature of the rights vested in government, the limits within which obedience is the duty of the people, and the description of persons to whom political authority ought to be entrusted, will, accordingly, under the title of the Constitution of Government, form the First General Division of the following Treatise. In return for the authority entrusted to government, and to compensate the sacrifice of individual opinions, wishes, and interests, to the orders of those in whom public authority is vested, some advantages to the community must be expected from social combination, and some public services from the political institutions which are called into existence. The Second Division of the enquiry, therefore, relates to the Duties of Government. In the performance of these duties, government must require the personal aid of the citizens, or pecuniary contributions by which the expenses incurred for the general benefit may be defrayed. Hence, a Third enquiry into the nature of the Revenues of Government. Under one of these heads, every subject connected with the general science of Politics, and mostof those includedinthebranch of it usually denominated Political Economy, may easily be arranged. But before it be possible to enter upon any satisfactory discussion of the rights or duties of government, it seems requisite, in a Preliminary Discourse, to endeavour to ascertain the nature of those Principles of Morals, which are the foundation of all d

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